Study in Canada
Canada, known for its diversity, inclusive values, and high standard of living, is internationally recognized as one of the best countries to live and study in.
Canada is the second-largest country in the world and shares the world’s largest border with its neighbor, the United States.
Due to Canada’s vast size, there are many types of landscapes and ecosystems that span the nation, including mountains, coastal regions, forests, prairie grasslands, and arctic tundra. Canada is known for its natural beauty and wildlife, so take the chance to explore it while you’re here!
Welcome to CanadaCanada’s population is just over 35 million people – a small population compared to the size of the country. California state has a larger population than all of Canada!
The majority of Canada’s population lives in highly urbanized areas, with most people living in one of four areas: southern Ontario, Montréal region, Vancouver city and southern Vancouver Island, and the Calgary-Edmonton corridor.
Ninety percent of Canada’s population lives within 160km of the U.S. border, while northern Canada has a very low population due to its harsh climate.
Canada experiences all four seasons: Spring, Summer, Autumn (Fall) and Winter. The summers, which occur between June and September can be hot and humid with temperatures surpassing 30 degrees Celsius.
Spring and Autumn are transition seasons, where there is typically more rain and temperatures rise or fall. Winter in Canada is very cold in most areas of the country, where temperatures typically fall below 0 degrees Celsius.
Snow can cover the ground from anywhere between December to early April. Some coastal areas such as Vancouver and Victoria often experience more mild winters, where rain is more common than snow.
Education System in Canada
The education system in Canada encompasses both publicly-funded and private schools, including community colleges/ technical institutes, career colleges, language schools, secondary schools, summer camps, universities, and university colleges.
Education is a provincial responsibility under the Canadian constitution, which means there are significant differences between the education systems of the different provinces.
However, education is important to Canadians, and standards across the country are uniformly high. In general, Canadian children attend kindergarten for one or two years at the age of four or five voluntarily.
All children begin Grade One at about six years of age. The school year normally runs from September through the following June but in some instances, January intake dates are possible. Secondary schools go up to Grades 11 or 12, depending on the province.
From there, students may attend university, college, or Cégep studies. Cégep is a French acronym for the College of General and Vocational Education and is two years of general or three years of technical education between high school and university.
The province of Québec has the Cégep system.
Education institutions are not officially ranked in Canada, but you will find quality institutions across the country.
When choosing your school in Canada, consider the type, size, and location of the institution. If you are interested in a particular area of study, investigate which schools have more to offer in that discipline.
Study Programs in Canada
When applying to Canadian universities or colleges, candidates generally submit an application to the institution or department they are interested in.
Program structure varies significantly between universities and colleges, so one of your first decisions will be whether you want to study at a college or at a university.
Note that the application process and the structure of study programs in Canada vary greatly between institutions.
It is vital to consult your intended institution’s website directly – or even better, reach out to someone in the admissions department for a chat by email or phone – to find out the options and requirements in each program.
As a future international student, you’ll also need to verify that the university or college where you wish to study is a Designated Learning Institution (DLI), meaning it is approved by a provincial or territorial government to host international students.
Universities in Canada
University programs in Canada are varied and rigorous. If you love research, writing, and getting deep into your special niche subject, university could be perfect for you.
Programs are usually structured around lectures led by top professors and seminars that act as discussion groups between teachers and peers.
Many programs involve written work, as might be expected, but universities are also increasingly integrating group assignments, work placements, and field research into courses to better emulate the working environment.
Generally speaking, you don’t need to commit to a specialization when you apply to university in Canada.
So while you may need to give an indication of the general subject you wish to study – Science, Arts, or Business, for example – you have time to explore the topics that interest you through semester-long modules in specific topics.
Canadian universities also generally encourage students to take a certain number of “elective” or optional courses in other subjects, in addition to their program requirements.
Let’s back up for a moment and consider the typical structure of study programs in Canada. Students take courses in subjects that interest them. Each course counts for a certain number of credits, which count towards the student’s major and minor programs.
Generally speaking, students have a lot of control over their course of study. Program requirements are often flexible, and there are usually lots of courses you can choose from to build up the credits required to graduate.
If you thrive in intense academic environments and love independent study and research, the university could be the right choice for you – even if you don’t know what you want to study yet.
Undergraduate study in Canada could be your stepping stone not just to a fulfilling career, but also towards further postgraduate study in Canada or abroad.
Colleges in Canada
Prospective international students would be wise not to discount colleges when choosing a study program in Canada; any perception that colleges are somehow less serious than universities is misguided.
College in Canada can be a great option for students looking for integrated work placements, vocational training, continuing education, or flexible part-time study options.
College tuition fees are often lower than fees at universities. Moreover, completing your education and entering the job market with a year or more of relevant work experience could boost your career options.
If you are worried about a particular college not being well known outside Canada, note that employers are more likely to be impressed by your experience and the positive attitude you showed in moving out of your comfort zone to study abroad than they are by the name of the institution you attended.
College programs are ideal if you know what you want and you want to get to Canada quickly.
Many programs are one or two years long, instead of the standard three or four for undergraduate university programs – but rest assured, they are still comprehensive and rigorous.
Which study program in Canada is right for you?
This is a tricky question, simply because there are so many options and each student is unique. But there are some important things to ask yourself as you make this decision.
Do you know what you want to be when you grow up?
This may be a difficult question – most of us still don’t know, but finding out your career path is the fun part! Trying different subjects and courses could take you in a direction you never imagined, so if you’re not sure where you want to go, try a study program that allows for flexibility in choosing courses.
Are there scholarship options?
There are many opportunities for scholarships in Canada for international students. If this is a priority, make sure to see what the department or program can offer.
How can a study program in Canada help your career goals?
If you have a clear idea of your future career goals, focus on programs that can help you get there. Consult university and college course listings and read their detailed descriptions – syllabi from previous courses can often be found on Canadian university and college websites, allowing you to get a good idea of what’s covered in a program.
Where do you want to study?
If it seems like there are too many good programs to choose from, try making a decision about where you want to live, and look at study options in that area.
Does this program fit your life right now?
Many international students in Canada bring their families, or have work commitments during their studies. Finding a study program that fits your lifestyle is key. Does the program have a flexible class schedule? Are there options for studying online? How long may the program take to complete? The answers to these questions can give you an idea of how well your studies will integrate with your everyday life, and the smoother this integration is, the more you’ll get out of your studies.
Even the act of researching which study programs in Canada are out there will likely give you a stronger idea of what you want to do.
There are a number of useful tools to help you compare different study programs in Canada.
Higher Education Institutions in Canada
Canada does not have any federal department or national system of education. It varies with every province of the country.
There are more than 10,000-degree programs offered to study in Canada, for students. At present, Canada has the highest number of graduates in the world.
Canada is ranked 5th in QS world ranking for the Education System Strength.
It has bilingual status with English and French being the most preferred languages. In Quebec, 90% of the people speak French.
Education System Categorization in Canada
The types of schools available in Canada, starting from kindergarten to post-secondary institutions are: –
- Language Schools
Education system of Canada is divided into three levels: –
- Elementary Education
- Secondary Education
- Post-secondary Education
Elementary and Secondary Education
The education in Canada begins from the age of 4 or 5 which may go up to the age of 16 to 18. The education covers kindergarten and secondary school. Students who successfully complete their secondary school earn a diploma.
The table specifies the range of age between which the students must be attending the school for all the provinces in Canada.
From 17 onwards, students under CEGEP (General and Vocational College) in Quebec either pursue university preparation diploma or vocational diploma.
Depending upon the student’s preference, some may join a university of their choice while others may hone in technical studies for practical knowledge.
There are 48 CEGEPs in Quebec. Out of these, 42 are French-language institutions and 6 are English language institutions.
Post – Secondary Education
Listed are the post-secondary programs and their duration in the Canadian education system.
Terms of study
- September to December
- January to April
Different types of post-secondary schools
It provides degrees in many subjects. There are three- types of degrees that are offered by universities:-
- Bachelor’s Degree
- Master’s Degree
- Doctoral Degree
Colleges and Institutes
- Community Colleges – These are government regulated colleges that provide 1 – 2 years of pre-professional certificates, diploma, associate degree, or even specialized bachelor’s degree.
- Colleges – Offers degree or could be a tertiary educational institution or may offer vocational education.
- CEGEP, Quebec – It is a pre-university and technical college that is publicly funded in Quebec’s education system.
- College of applied art and applied technology – Offers diploma and degree as a polytechnic institute.
- and Institutes of technology and science
The colleges which are completely private area known as Career Colleges.
Fact: Centennial College is the first community college in Ontario. It is recognized as the most culturally diverse post-secondary institution in Canada.
Why Choose Canada For Study?
Hosting nearly half a million international students, Canada is known to offer high-quality education at affordable tuition fees with degrees that are globally recognized.
Add to it, an excellent quality of life, immense post-study work and immigration opportunities – Canada stands out as a popular country to study among Indian students.
Here are the top 8 reasons why Canada could be a great choice:
1. Academic excellence
One of the most important reasons why students choose to study in Canada is because of the high quality of education. When a student receives a degree from a Canadian university, it acts as a mark of trust and excellence. 26 of Canada’s universities rank in the QS World University Rankings 2019 and 27 of them in THE World University Rankings 2019.
2. Ample research opportunities
One of the biggest reasons why Canadian education stands unique is because of its strong focus on research and development. If you’re a research scholar, there can be no country better than Canada. The government of Canada offers great support to research in the disciplines of medicine, telecommunication, agriculture, environmental science, and technology.
3. Affordable, falls in budget
Tuition fee in Canada, when compared to universities in the US and UK, is fairly cheaper. And when considering the return on investment, it is quite a viable option for Indian students. ??You can also apply to a range of scholarships to cut down on your educational expenses.
4. Cultural diversity
In Canada, you’ll find extremely warm and welcoming people who come from varied ethnic groups with different cultures and lifestyles. The multicultural environment in Canada promotes friendliness and peaceful living like no other country. In fact, you will find a lot of Indians studying, working and living here. You can also experience festivals and rituals such as:
- The Montreal International Jazz Festival
- Calgary Stampede
- NHL Hockey
- Experience “Poutine Week” – The blend of French fries, delicious gravy, and cheese curd.
Just for Laughs Comedy Festival in Montreal
5. Safe and peaceful
Canada has been consistently ranked as one of the safest nations in the world. In 2018, the Global Peace Index*, listed Canada as the sixth peaceful country across the globe. As an international student, you’ll enjoy the same rights as any other Canadian.
6. Earn while you learn
Thanks to its special regulations, Canada provides all its international students with an opportunity to work for up to 20 hours every week during their semesters and full-time during the summer and winter breaks. To work on-campus or as an intern in any company, you would not require any additional work permit as your study permit is enough to help you find a part-time job.
7. Vibrant and lively campus life
At all Canadian campuses, you can expect events, fests, and other activities being conducted all through the year. This creates a happy and lively environment for all the students, helps you network and meet new people besides keeping the homesickness away.
8. Immigration opportunities
Canada’s Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PWPP) allows students to stay and work in Canada for up to three years after completion of their graduation. You can gain some international work experience and apply for permanent residency later on.
Examination & Grading System in Canada
Dependent on the region, university, and form of education, the Canadian grading systems are a combination of percentage, GPAs (Grade Point Average), and letter grades.
This makes the question “What grade did you get?” a whole other essay and a maths exam on its own. Let’s discover together how grades work in Canadian universities.
In Canada, the grading system depends on the state you’re in
Canada is part of North America, and, to better understand what grades will apply to your study program, you should simply get a map.
Depending on the territory your future university is based in, you can figure out by yourself the way your grades will be converted and what constitutes “fail” or “pass”.
The Canadian territories are:
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Northwest Territories
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
The grading system in Alberta
It is customary for universities situated in Alberta to let the teacher or each institution settle the way letter grades convert in percentages.
For instance, an A+ can be translated as a 4.0-grade point at the University of Alberta, SAIT Polytechnic, MacEwan University, or University of Calgary, while, for the rest of the territory, it converts with 4.3.
Other universities use a nine-point academic grading scale, where 9 = A+, 8 = A or A-, 7 = B+ or B, and so on.
Some of the universities that can be found in Alberta are:
- University of Calgary
- University of Lethbridge
- University of Alberta
The grading system in British Columbia
The only sure thing in life in British Columbia are death, taxes, and F means you failed.
Yes: even faculties within the same university sometimes follow other grading systems when it comes to converting letter marks into percentages.
You can apply to great online Master’s degrees at Royal Roads University in British Columbia.
The grading system in Manitoba
In Manitoba, the main grading system is based on a student’s GPA, so the formula has to be ingrained in your memory more than that catchy song you once heard on the radio.
The grading system in Newfoundland and Labrador
Just like in British Columbia, the sole failing mark is an F. Apart from that, all is fair in love, war, and the Canadian education system’s grades.
The grading system in Nova Scotia
For Nova Scotia, the easiest way to convert grades is by following the table below. Other than that, we can only wish you good luck and a lot of patience.
The grading system in Ontario
Ontario, the region in which the capital, Ottawa, is located, made all forms of grading systems official. Yes, you read that right: Ottawa is the capital of Canada, not Toronto.
Also, yes. The University of Ottawa uses letter grades, numerical values, and percentages. Because, why not?
If this puts you off the University of Ottawa, you can always check other universities in Ontario, such as:
- Queen’s University Kingston
- University of Toronto
- Wilfrid Laurier University
- University of Guelph
You can also apply to great online Masters at York University in Ontario.
The grading system in Quebec and New Brunswick
If we could pinpoint a scale that sums up and has the most in common with the other scales of the other territories, then this one is it.
There are a lot of variations, of course: some universities have the F mark, as well, other universities use a 4.3 scale, instead of 4.33, and so on.
If you’re curious what other grading systems you can find in Quebec and New Brunswick, you can always check out:
- McGill University
- Concordia University Montréal
- University of New Brunswick
The grading system in Saskatchewan
The territory of Saskatchewan, although it is the most difficult to pronounce, probably has the easiest grading system. The universal consensus across faculties and universities is the use of a percentage. And that’s it!
Application Process to Study in Canada
Study in Canada: Step-By-Step Guide for International Students
Canada is home to 21 of the world’s top 500 universities and 32 in the top 1,000. In 2018, Canada was home to 572,415 study permit holders.
It offers some of the world’s best study programs and is home to some of the world’s leading research facilities and academic institutions.
If studying abroad is your plan, Canada should be at the top of your list. Read ahead for a step-by-step guide to applying for a Canada Study Permit.
Step 1: Understand the Requirements
Successfully applying to a Canadian education institution requires an understanding of the different requirements for schools and the courses they offer.
Candidates also need to conduct a careful analysis of the rules and regulations applicable to the study permit application process. Only recognized schools and periods of approved study will be meaningful.
Ideally, you should start planning for your Canadian study permit at least a year in advance. Common requirements for all universities and institutions include an updated passport, proficiency in either English or French along with proof of passing prescribed language tests with minimum grades/bands, and proof that you can finance your study as well as the cost of living in the country.
Of course, requirements may vary between provinces, which is why this step must be performed carefully and systematically.
Step 2: Choose your Course and Institution
The first step towards choosing an institution is to ascertain its status as a Designated Learning Institution. Only DLIs can admit foreign students.
You will be required to finalize a specific major course when applying to study in Canada. The Canadian academic setup is flexible towards switching courses, although it is best to compare your options beforehand and choose a major that you are truly interested in pursuing.
Step 3: Take the Language Proficiency Test
To successfully gain entry into Canada, every international student will have to prove proficiency in English or French. IELTS is the preferred test for proficiency in English, with some institutions also accepting the Cambridge English: Advanced or TOEFL exam score.
For French, you can opt for DALF, DELF, or TCF, although the TEF exam is the most common option.
Choose the test, pay the fee, and book your dates well in advance. Of course, you will have to brush up your language skills to ensure your application does not get rejected.
Step 4: Apply to Universities
Now it is time to contact your shortlist of universities, obtain their application packs, and submit them well in advance. Having the choice of applying to a dozen universities can be advantageous but you will have to consider the application fee, which varies from $100 to $250.
Do not apply at random. Compare your options, identify your preferred course and institution, and select one or two alternatives as backups.
Be careful when filling in the application form and make sure you provide accurate information backed with documentary evidence. Once this is done, it is time to face the excruciating wait until you receive your acceptance. Once you confirm your interest, the university will send an acceptance letter, which plays a significant role in the formalities ahead.
Step 5: Apply for a Study Permit
Now that you have an institution ready to admit you, it is time to apply for the Canada Study Permit. You can apply online or visit your local visa application center.
Your application must be accompanied by the acceptance letter received in the previous step, your passport, and documentary proof that you have adequate finances to study in Canada.
If you have applied to an institution in the province of Quebec, then you will also receive, along with the acceptance letter, a “Certificat d’acceptation du Québec” (CAQ). Make sure you include this document in your study permit application.
Step 6: Travel Time
Once the application has been processed and an interview, if required, has been conducted, the immigration officer will decide upon your study permit application. If accepted, it is now time to start planning your travel to Canada.
Your permit will have a start date, which is the date from which the permit comes into force. Keep in mind that you won’t be permitted to enter Canada before this date. Plan your travel accordingly.
Step 7: Study Time
The immigration officer will verify your permit and other documents at the port of entry before allowing you to enter Canada. This is the final step of the immigration formalities and you can now focus on commencing your journey as an international student in Canada.
Advantages of Studying in Canada
Benefits of Studying in Canada
The North American country Canada is not only known for its snow-clad peaks and ice hockey and a popular neighbor to the USA but also as a developed country where high-quality education is guaranteed. Canada now provides ample educational opportunities to Indian students.
There has been a mutual exchange of students and faculty of universities which serves the cause of higher education of both India and Canada.
It is a well-known fact that Canadian Universities have been vying for Indian undergraduate (UG) students in a major way to pursue higher education in their country.
Canadian universities consider India as the leading market to tap UG students.
The advantages of studying in Canada :
1. Advanced Quality Education
The education quality in Canada is one of the major factors in attracting foreign students to their shores. Canada’s high academic standards and rigorous quality controls reflect the high-quality education provided which helps in a successful future and benefits one’s career in the long term.
2. Affordable Education
The unique advantage Canada enjoys is that while it is a western developed world, it offers education at comparatively less cost than its other western counterparts.
Though the education costs may vary based on the courses, for most of the general courses, the tuition fees are less than in other major countries. Paying the fees doesn’t become a burden for students.
3. Internationally recognized
A Canadian degree, diploma, or certificate is globally recognized as being equivalent to those obtained from the United States or Commonwealth countries.
University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, McGill University, University of Waterloo all feature in the top 50 engineering and technology institutes in the world.
4. Long Term Advantage
There are major long term benefits to studying in Canada as one would get points for permanent residency in Canada if they have graduated from a Canadian University.
5. Multicultural Society
Canada which has English and French as major languages offers almost all of the world’s ethnic groups and it’s hard not to find ethnic foods and recreation activities associated with specific cultures.
The international student advisors at universities help students to get in touch with numerous ethnic clubs and associations along with their studies.
Canadians are also known for their friendliness and polite nature.
6. Campus Lifestyle
It is not all work and no play in Canada either. Canada’s post-secondary campuses are not only wired with the latest in sophisticated technology, but also offer countless other modern amenities for the students to enjoy.
From Olympic-quality sports facilities to public concert halls and art galleries, Canada’s post-secondary campuses offer enormous possibilities for learning and leisure.
7. Pioneering and Abundant Research Opportunities
Since research is one of the key components of a Canadian post-secondary education, one will have ample opportunities to become a part of this aspect of education.
In Canada, both government and industry support research which includes all areas of telecommunications, medicine, agriculture, computer technology, and environmental science.
8. Possibility of Immigration
Another major attraction for Indian students is the possibility of immigration. After studies, people with Canadian credentials and Canadian work experience may apply for permanent residency without leaving Canada.
9. Reasonable expenses
The cost of living and study in Canada at all levels right from schooling to university is lower than the United States, Britain, Australia, and other countries.
On comparing the standard of living and the high-quality education facilities that are provided in Canada with the other developed countries, we realize that students get all the benefits at a lower cost.
Canada is an international computer and information technology leader and enjoys an excellent reputation in communications, transportation, and engineering. Aviation, urban transport, microelectronics, medical devices, advanced software, hydroelectric and nuclear power, lasers and optoelectronics, biotechnology, food and beverage processing, geometrics and ocean and environmental industries are more prominent.
10. Career prospects :
In recent years, Canada’s foreign trade, marketing professional, commercial and financial expertise will continue to take the heat.
The financial services industry is an important pillar of the Canadian economy, which employs 550,000 employees. In terms of employment for the majority of students, Canada provides a broad platform.
Visa Requirements for Studying in Canada
Eligibility criteria for Canada Student Visa
You can apply for a Canada Study visa if you fulfill the following criteria:
- You have been accepted by a designated learning institute (DLI).
- You need to prove that you have adequate funds to pay your tuition fee and living expenses.
- You need to prove that you have a clean background and no criminal record. The aspirants need to produce a police certificate to prove this.
- You need to do a health checkup and produce a medical certificate that certifies that you are in good health.
Also at the time of the visa interview, you need to convince the visa officer that you will leave Canada once you complete your studies.
Which Documents are required for Canadian Visa?
You should apply for the student visa after you get the college acceptance letter. You should begin with the visa process around June if aiming at the September intake. The following are the documents needed to apply.
1. Valid Passport
You would need a Valid Passport to be able to apply for a Study Permit. As of the Canadian High Commission, you must have a passport which validity that extends to cover the intended stay in Canada. For instance, if you plan to travel to Canada in September 2019 for a two-year course, your passport should be valid until at least September 2021.
2. Proof of Acceptance by a Designated Learning Institution
You would need the acceptance letter from the university/institute you are planning to attend. A Designated Learning Institute is the University which is recognized by the Immigration Department. (Here’s a list for your reference). In case you are applying for Quebec, you would also need a CAQ which you would be duly notified.
3. Proof of Funds
At the time of application for your Study Permit, you would have to show proof of funds. As per the present standards, you would have to prove that you would have enough funds to pay our tuition fees as well as take care of living expenses. The Canadian Immigration deems a student would require at least Canadian $10,000 for every year of your stay. Apart from the above two, the student would also have to prove that he/she has enough funds for a return fair as well.
While filling the application form, you would have to show the proof of fees paid as well as the stipulated cost of living @ CAD 10,000. If you are applying for Quebec you require at least CAD 11,000 for every year of your stay.
4. Passport Size Photographs
If you have opted for offline application, you would need two passport-sized photographs that conform to the given standards. For online application, you must procure a digital copy of the photograph which should not be more than 4MB. Other requirements are standard about neutral facial expression, plain background as well as no headgear (unless for religious purposes). Note:
- Size of the image should be at least 35 mm x 45 mm
- Image should be recent (not older than 6 months)
5. Immigration Medical Examination (IME)
Canadian Immigration requires international students from India to undergo a compulsory Immigration Medical Examination from impaneled doctors.
Students would have to book an appointment and visit the listed doctors for a medical examination, preferably a week before they start their Visa Application. This is to give the doctor enough time to validate and upload the necessary documents.
Booking an appointment in advance with the nearest facility/ practitioner as per the list of impaneled doctors is always advised.
The panel physician will perform a complete medical exam and may refer you for chest x-rays and laboratory tests. Once your exam has been completed, the physician will send the results to CIC.
6. English Language Proficiency Exam Score
Though not mandatory to have at the time of application, we strongly recommend that you have appeared for and get your English Language Proficiency Score before you start your Visa Application Process.
As it is, you would have had to submit your English language proficiency score to confirm your admission to the Canadian University. TOEFL, IELTS, etc. are all acceptable.
7. Statement of Purpose
When applying for a Canadian Study Permit, you would be required to submit an essay stating the purpose of your trip to Canada and why you have chosen the particular institution.
This would be prompted as an optional document in the checklist but we strongly recommend that you submit the same.
8. Credit Card
In case you are making an online application, you would also require a credit card to pay the application fee. The Visa Application Fee for Canada is CAD $160.
Please remember that the system only accepts credit cards and not debit cards. Also, it doesn’t need to be your credit card. You can use your parent’s cards as well, provided you have the explicit permission to do so.
Apart from the above, if applying online, you would need access to a digital scanner. However, if you are applying offline, you should have true copies of all the above-mentioned documents.
It is important to note that while applying online, you would be required to download a few documents, fill them, print them, sign them and then upload them.
Accordingly, the availability of the scanner must be arranged. The system also allows you to upload a good quality digital image. We, however, recommend a scanner to a camera.
During the personal interview, additional documents may be requested by the interviewer. These may be documents to prove evidence of academic or financial status. These may include:
- Transcripts, diplomas, degrees, or certificates from schools you attended
- Scores from tests, such as the TOEFL, SAT, GRE, or GMAT
- Your intent to depart from Canada upon completion of the course of study
- How you will pay all educational, living and travel costs
How to Apply for a Canadian Visa for Study
There are several steps to apply for a visa.
1. Check the processing times – The visa application cycle might take anywhere from 3-4 weeks. It is advisable to go through the Canadian consulate website to know the approximate time taken to process the student visa. Please note that the time shown is not a guarantee and is just an estimate.
2. Determine how you will apply. There are two ways to apply:
(a) Apply online
To apply online you must have access to a scanner or camera to create electronic copies of your documents for uploading and have a valid credit card for payment. You will still be required to provide a finger scan at the regional Visa Application Centre (VAC).
Remember, in the case of Online Application you need to visit the VFS offices to hand your passports and would have to confirm form and fee payment as well. the steps would only vary in terms of documents you need to carry to the VAC.
(b) Apply in person
Download the application kit and read the instruction guide. The instruction guide contains important information about study permits and instructions to help you complete your application. Read the guide carefully and use the document checklist.
3. Fill out the VFS Consent Form and attach it with your application form. You need this form to get the assistance of VFS services for your visa filing process.
4. Pay the processing fee – Note that when submitting an application via the VFS, in person or by mail, visa fees must be paid in addition to VFS Global service charges. The processing fee is non-refundable in all cases.
5. If your spouse/common-law partner and/or children are accompanying you and you are applying for temporary resident visas, work permits, or study permits for them, then you will need to pay the appropriate processing fees for them.
6. Submit your application and supporting documents – You have to visit the nearest VFS office. Once you are there, pay the service charges and hand them your complete application to obtain a receipt. This receipt contains your unique tracking number which you will need to track the progress of your application online.
In case your application is approved you will receive notification from the Government of Canada requesting your passport. You can submit the passport and passport request letter in person or through VFS. You would be provided with a Temporary Resident Visa and a Letter of Introduction.
Financial Requirements for Studying in Canada
Minimum Financial Requirements For International Students To Study In Canada
In order to pursue your studies in Canada, proof of sufficient funds is required to cover tuition and living expenses.
You can prove to fund with the following:
- A proof of your Canadian bank account declaring the money you have transferred.
- Must present a Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC) from a Canadian bank.
- Proof of education or student loan from a bank.
- Your bank account statements for the past six (6) months.
- A bank draft that can be changed to Canadian dollars.
- Proof you paid for tuition and housing.
- A letter from a sponsor or person or school giving you the money.
- Proof of funding paid from within Canada, if you have a scholarship support program.
Health Insurance in Canada
How much does health insurance cost for international students in Canada?
International students studying in Canada have to avail health insurance as it been made mandatory by Canadian universities and colleges. Health insurance in Canada for international students varies from location to location, and it also depends upon the insurance firm.
As per the Canada Insurance Plan, the average yearly premium for obtaining a health insurance ranges from $600 CAD to $900 CAD. Some of the insurance firms that students could approach for health insurance are:
- Manulife Financial;
- Allianz Global;
- Sun Life;
- Ingle International;
- Cowan Insurance Group;
The insurance plans from these firms include some common benefits (however, the limit of each benefit varies from plan to plan) such as:
- Hospital expenses and accommodation;
- Physician charges;
- Private nurse;
- Prescription drugs;
- Paramedical services;
- Diagnostic services;
- Trauma counseling;
- Medical appliances;
- Treatment of dental accident;
- Psychiatric treatment.
Types of international insurance plans
International students can choose a particular insurance plan that suits them, after examining the various types of insurances on offer, such as:
1. International student health insurance: this is meant for students who are pursuing their education in another country. This insurance type offers benefits such as emergency medical evacuation, mental health, and sports injuries.
2. International travel medical insurance: this form of insurance is meant for those people who are traveling abroad. This plan is usually valid for two years and can be used as a supplement to a medical insurance plan that is already in place. This plan provides emergency medical evacuation as one of its key benefits. The features of such insurance plans are given below:
- Worldwide coverage;
- Greater coverage at affordable amounts;
- Travel related advantages such as misplaced luggage and documentation assistance;
- Travel assistance in the form of money transfers and concierge services;
- Coverage for family and dependents.
- 5. International major medical insurance: this is a long-term plan meant for those people who are living outside their country for at least a year. This is an annually renewable plan that provides coverage for individuals and their families. This plan includes features such as:
- High policy amounts;
- Flexible coverage options;
- Long-term coverage;
- Pre-existing conditions or injuries coverage;
- Childbirth coverage.
How to apply for student health insurance in Canada?
The rules and regulations for medical insurance in Canada vary from one province to another. Some of these provinces provide health insurance coverage to international students as well.
If you have obtained admission in a university present in any of these provinces, you need to apply for health insurance by accessing the said province’s website, filling an application form, and paying the premium amount.
On the other hand, if a province does not provide health insurance, you will have to take an overseas medical insurance plan from a private firm, before leaving for Canada.
In this case, you will need to contact an insurance firm, choose the plan that suits your requirements, fill a detailed application form, undergo a medical test, and pay the premium amount.
If you are interested in studying in Canada, the Toronto School of Management (TM) offers a variety of business, hospitality and tourism, big data, accounting, and professional development programs.
TSoM is an innovative post-secondary college offering career-focused programs. The school works with industry leaders to design and deliver innovative, career-centric programs.
It provides students with the right combination of academic excellence and practical hands-on experience, educating ambitious people to take their careers further.
Cost of Living (COL) in Canada
Studying in Canada is considered a rewarding investment for your future as you have access to premier education, cross-cultural experiences, and a globally recognized degree.
For international students, getting admitted to universities and colleges in Canada requires planning and financial commitment before you are there.
International students will have to meet the costs of studies and living in Canada. Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) requires some proof that you have sufficient money and funds available. Your college provides cost of living estimate, the immigration officer will follow it.
If your college doesn’t provide it, you will be required to show evidence of $10,000 for 12 months of living expenses for a student. An additional $4,000 will be required for spouse and another $3,000 for each dependent.
This amount includes accommodation, food, medical insurance, transportation, books, and clothing. Tuition and other fees are not included in this amount.
Based on educational institutions
As the cost of living varies from city to city and depending on where the school is located, the best estimated living expense will depend on the university you are applying to.
As mentioned earlier, every college abroad provides the estimated fee and living expenses. Some colleges have reasonable and affordable on-campus boarding options, some colleges charge quite a lot for the same.
Here is a list of annual costs to live in Canada:
- Tuition – $8,000
- Student Fees – $400
- Health Insurance $840
- Textbooks $600
- On-campus Rent $7,200
- Mobile phone (basic package) $360
- Public Transit Pass $480
- Groceries/Food $3,600
- Entertainment/Clothes/Gifts $960
- Car: Insurance $1,500
- Car: Fuel $2,400
- Total Expenses $26,340
Accommodation in Canada
Student accommodation available in Canada:
This can be both on-campus and off-campus.
- Dorms are rooms primarily made for a large number of people. Dorms have several beds #, with communal bathrooms, lounge areas, and dining areas.
- Depending on the school policy, first and/or second-year students may get first preference to dorms.
2) Rent an apartment (studio or shared):
If you want an off-campus living experience, you can choose to live in a rented apartment in the city or suburbs, depending on your preference.
Apartments come in studios, with a single bedroom, kitchen and bathroom), or shared with multiple rooms.
You can choose if you want a single room or a shared room. Apartments are mostly situated in more populated areas and are close to (or in) the heart of the city. This is a good option if you want the hustle and bustle of city life!
3) Rent a townhouse:
Townhouses have 3-4 bedroom suites and have two or three floors as well.
Usually, the ground floor will have a shared living room, dining area, and kitchen.
Bathrooms are single or shared, depending on the number of occupants.
Townhouses are commonly situated in the suburbs, so if you like a peaceful, low-rise setting away from the noise of the city, then this might be an option for you.
Many families living near university campuses choose to rent out a room or two of their houses for students. Many home-stays include meals as well.
If you prefer a family-style setting, with all your needs taken care of, then this could work for you.
Culture & Language of Canada
Local culture & language
The culture of Canada has been primarily influenced by the various European cultures and traditions of its constituent nationalities, particularly British and French culture.
There are also influences from the cultures of its indigenous peoples, and from the neighboring USA. Core Canadian values include fairness, equality, inclusiveness, and social justice.
This is evidenced by the country’s approach to governance, which includes public health care, higher taxation to promote the redistribution of wealth, the legalization of same-sex marriage, the abolition of capital punishment, and the suppression of far-right politics.
Language in Canada
The 2 official languages in Canada are English and French, with English having the vast majority of speakers at around 60%.
Due to Canada’s historically welcoming attitude to immigrants, the overall language mix spoken in the country is very diverse, with reasonable populations speaking Chinese, Punjabi, Spanish, German, and Italian, amongst others.
Canada is also home to a selection of aboriginal languages, which are spoken by the relatively small populations of indigenous peoples who reside there.
Unfortunately, due to the very low numbers of native speakers, the majority of these languages are not expected to be able to survive for more than a few generations.
Climate in Canada
Canada is often associated with cold weather and snow, but in reality, its climate is as diverse as its landscape. Generally, Canadians enjoy four very distinct seasons, particularly in the more populated regions along the US border.
Daytime summer temperatures can rise to 35°C and higher, while lows of -25°C are not uncommon in winter. More moderate temperatures are the norm in spring and fall.
Summers can be hot and dry on the prairies, humid in central Canada, and milder on the coasts. Spring is generally pleasant across the country. Autumns are often crisp and cool, but brightened by rich orange and red leaves on trees.
Winters are generally cold with periods of snow, although southern Alberta enjoys the occasional “Chinook”, a warm dry wind from the Rocky Mountains that gusts through and melts the snow. Winters are mild and wet on the west coast, in cities such as Vancouver and Victoria.